Tuesday, October 14, 2014
Italian soap makers at work
The techniques of preparation of scented oils by maceration of flowers, herbs and spices in vegetable oils has remained largely the same over the centuries, until the development of the process of distilling the essence which allowed to replace at least part of the long process of maceration, giving also aromatic
oils therapeutic efficacy and safety of use unknown before.
The therapeutic properties of the essential oils in pharmacology are also the foundation of their special and profound action in dermo-cosmetics.
That branch of aromatherapy known as aroma cosmetic uses the power of penetration through the tissues of the essences to establish beauty treatments that are not limited to the surface of the skin, but to be correct in a stable cells renewal process.
The antiseptic power of the essences is active, not only for lesions, wounds and sores, even for a general time-disinfectant action to rid the skin of microinfection that cause pimples, eczema, rashes, etc..
Essential oils perform the function of stimulating the exhausted tissues, promote cell renewal and maintain constant the level of purification.
The best results are obtained with blends of essential oils that work in synergy with oils or creams or emulsions.
The most recent research has developed dermo-cosmetic functional products based on specific essences for various treatments that integrate the therapeutic aspect-base with the aesthetic.
More practically, the plants can be considered as a laboratory containing many chemicals, extractable in different ways depending on the method used. From each of these methods it is possible to obtain a final product with specific requirements and characteristics, with specific therapeutic indications. The extractive techniques applied to material of vegetable nature, are employed as well as for obtaining the pure active principle, removing unwanted components from the plants.
Aromacosmetics are based on the therapeutic action of extracted herbs and flowers and essentials oils.
The sources and quality of the row natural ingredients play a primary role, harvest must occur in season and in the (balsamic time) when the plants offer the most of their therapeutic properties
How essential oils are treated in the Italian monasteries?
Parts of the fresh plant are placed in an airtight container and covered with almond oil or other base oils for 30 days
2) FILTERING AND SCREENING;
After this period the oil is filtered and transferred into another container and skips to the pressing plant mixed with oil that contains most of the functional substances in the plant itself. Two more days of resting, then a second screening and other purifying processes occur before the oil, filtered and pure, is ready for distillation.
Essential oils are obtained by steam distillation. The pressurized steam is introduced into the lower part of the distiller and passes through the plant parts or oil to vaporize the volatile oils contained in them. It is a method that applies to most of the aromatic plants and exploits the physical properties of essences, in particular their volatility.It is to separate the essential oil from the plant origin using a jet of water vapor, which invests plant tissues and "carries" the essence. From the process you get two final products: the distillate and the aromatic water. This is the water that comes from the condensation of the same steam, scented by a small fraction of essence dissolved in it.
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